Research Methodology and Proposal Writing Workshop Report


Topic: Research Proposal writing

This aspect will deal with the dynamics in finding materials, organizing thoughts and ideas and how to present them coherently when writing research proposals.

Topic Highlights

  • Problem identification and problem tree.
  • Literature review.*
  • Topic and objectives.
  • Research methods.
  • Resources needed.
  • Work plan.
  • Anticipated problems.
  • Analysis planning.
  • Ethical issues.

Day in Pictures



19th July, 2016

Topic: Developing conceptual frameworks, operationalizing and validating them

Methods like Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) make it possible to quantitatively develop, validate and restructure abstract conceptual frameworks in both qualitative and quantitative research fields.

This aspect will take an introductory approach to developing and validating conceptual frameworks using SEM, as well as how to operationalize conceptual frameworks when developing test instruments/questionnaires.

Highlights of the Topic

  • Designing critical conceptual frameworks from theory and hypothesis.
  • Identifying and organizing appropriate variables and indicators.
  • Validating and reorganizing your conceptual framework through quantitative means (using SEM).

Day in Pictures



Topic: Literature search and review

New methods and software are making finding and synthesizing literature more easy and exciting. Systematic search, as a method used in systematic reviews and meta-analysis, is a standard, consistent and replicable approach to finding relevant published and grey literature for any work; reducing the stress and frustration in mining through loads of irrelevant information before finding what’s needed.

Software like ATLAS.TI have also provided an exciting environment to organize relevant literature, as well as find, organize and analyze qualitative data from questionnaires and multiple sources (videos, audios, pictures, documents).


This aspect will introduce participants to the systematic search approach, and the use of ATLAS.TI (trail version) for triangulated content analysis.

Topic highlight

  • Exposure and access to published and grey literature sources.
  • Systematic search (using codes) to get relevant literature quickly.
  • Collecting, organizing and synthesizing various sources of information (audio, video, pictures, pdfs, memos, etc) using ATLAS.TI software.

Day in Pictures



Topic: Developing standard measurement scales


Scale development is a common practice in social research. A very popular one is the Social Desirability Scale popularly used to identify and control for respondents with biased responses to survey questions

This aspect will train participants in the skill of forming, testing, and validating measurement scales for constructs they wish to measure in their respondents.

Topic Highlights

  • Content adequacy assessment.
  • Designing and administering the questionnaire.
  • Factor analysis.
  • Internal consistency assessment.
  • Construct validity.



Topic: Data analysis and presentation

New software like R now provides powerful approaches to doing the traditional analysis usually done in Excel or SPSS and gives users more liberty over how they want their graphs, charts and diagrams to look

This aspect will introduce participants to the basics of R programming language, equipping them with skills to produce aesthetically pleasing and interactive graphs and charts.

Topic highlights

  • Shift all your analysis to the open source powerful R software.
  • Improved graphs and charts for data visualization.
  • Interactive graphs and charts.